Lesson : Grammar – Verbs
June 7, 2006
Lor..Dah lame i tak BLOG..sorry for that, it’s because i’ve to attend some Wedding ceremony during the last weekend. and you Know what, at the end i got “CIRIT-BIRIT”(too much eating).. Ok now, i’m Back.
The future is uncertain. We know the past. We know the present. We do not know the future. We can be 100% sure or certain about the past and the present. But we can never be 100% certain about the future. In English there are several structures and tenses to talk about the future. It is usually the degree of certainty about the future that decides our choice of structure or tense.
One of the most common ways to talk about the future is with will, for example:
“I will call you tonight. ”
We often call this the “future simple tense”, but technically there are no future tenses in English. In this construction, the word will is a modal auxiliary verb.
We use will when there is no prior plan or decision to do something before we speak. We make the decision at the time of speaking. Look at these examples:
(Kita guna “Will” bilamasa kita tiada plan atau keputusan untuk melakukan sesuatu sblm kiter bercakap(hah!!time tuhla kiter guna will)). Kita buat keputusan spontan semasa kite bercakap tau)
- Hold on. I‘ll get a pen.( Jap erk. saya akan dapatkan pen)
- We will see what we can do to help you.(kita akan tgk apa yg kita boleh buat utk menolong awak)
- Maybe we‘ll stay in and watch television tonight.(mungkin kita akan lepak lu dan tgk tv mlm nie)
In these examples, we had no firm plan before speaking. The decision was made at the time of speaking. ( contoh dibawah lak, kite masih lagi tiada plan sblm kita bercakap. keputusan dibuat masa kiter bercakap)
We often use will with the verb think:
- I think I‘ll go to the gym tomorrow.
- I think I‘ll have a holiday next year.
- I don’t think I‘ll buy that car.
We often use will to make a prediction about the future. Again, there is no firm plan. We are saying what we think will happen. Here are some examples:( kite kerapkali guna “will” utk buat jangkaan utk masa depan. sekali lagi,masih lagi tiada plan. kite bercakap apa yang kita pikirkan berlaku.)
- It will rain tomorrow.
- People won’t go to Jupiter before the 22nd century.
- Who do you think will get the job?
The verb be is an exception with will. Even when we have a very firm plan, and we are not speaking spontaneously, we can use will with be. Look at these examples:
- I will be in London tomorrow.
- There will be 50 people at the party.
- The meeting will be at 9.30 am.
|% probability before speaker speaks of event happening||structure||used for||example|
|0%||will||no plan||Don’t get up. I’ll answer the phone.|
|70%||going to(next lesson)||intention||We’re going to watch TV tonight.|
|90%||present continuous(next lesson)||plan||I’m taking my exam in June.|
|99.999%||present simple(next lesson)||schedule||My plane takes off at 6.00am tomorrow.|